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NHNE Y2K Report 9
Sunday, January 10, 1999

 

"News,
Inspiration,
& Consumer Protection
for Spiritual Seekers"

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NHNE Y2K Report 9
Sunday, January 10, 1999

NHNE is also the force behind the wild2k Website:
http://www.wild2k.com/
"The Best of the Best of Y2K"

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Our work is made possible by the kind and generous support of people everywhere who want to solve the fundamental mysteries of life, make a graceful passage through the turbulent times in which we live, and help give birth to a new, more spirit-filled and loving world.

You can support NHNE by joining our Friends of NHNE program and/or through tax-deductible donations. See the end of this update for details.

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Total NHNE Mailing List:
Last Mailing: 1680
This Mailing: 1741

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EVERYTHING WILL BE ALL RIGHT

"Michael Harden, President and CEO of Century Technology Services, Inc. and author of two Y2K books, compared Y2K to the great Yellow Fever epidemic that struck the Mississippi Valley in 1878. The deadly disease, carried by mosquitoes, broke out on the Gulf Coast and slowly worked its way up the river to Memphis, Tennessee. The people in that city knew in advance that the epidemic was on its way. They knew approximately when it would arrive. They knew it would kill them. The government and the media said, 'Don't panic. Everything will be all right.' Relieved by these assurances, most stayed in the city.

"Fifty-five percent of the population died. Many Catholic nuns chose to remain to give aid and comfort to those afflicted with the disease. Most of them perished and today they are known as the 'Martyrs of Memphis.' The city was disestablished as a political entity and was not re-chartered for 14 years."

--- From Jim Lord's Westergaard Year 2000 Column, "World Future Society Holds Y2K Conference," January 4, 1999

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CONTENTS:

Y2K HEADLINES:

Y2K Bug Affects Taxi Meters
FEMA: "Get Ready Now For Y2k"
Apple Has Y2K Problems Too
Social Security Y2K-OK...Or Is It?
Airports Try to Head Off Millennium Bug Specter
Maritime Shipping at Risk

FROM THE EDITOR'S DESK:

1999: Now What?

LETTERS:

Our Heartfelt Thanks
Y2K: Crisis or Blessing?

Y2K STORIES:

U.S. Firms Throw in the Towel
USA Today Commentary on Y2K Poll Deceptive
Railroads in Trouble
Potential Power Failures Threaten Chemical Plants
The "Jo Anne Effect"
The Moral Dimension of Y2K
Y2K from a Religious Perspective
Grass Roots Approach to Y2K Gaining Momentum
A Brief History of the Y2K Community Movement

Y2K RESOURCES:

Cheaper Y2K Software Fix for PCs
Macintosh Y2K Software Audit
Backwoods Home Magazine
National Registry of Y2K Activists & Projects Launched

THE LIGHTER SIDE OF Y2K:

Windows 2000

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Y2K HEADLINES:

Y2K BUG AFFECTS TAXI METERS
(Sources: AP/NEW JERSEY ONLINE, 1/3/99; AP/DESERT NEWS, 1/3/99, both via SANGER'S REVIEW OF Y2K NEWS REPORTS, thanks to Elaine White)

In one of the first reported Y2K-related failures of the new year, computerized meters in 300 taxis in Singapore went dead on Jan. 1 for two hours. The new meters were supposed to be "Year-2000 compliant" according to the supplier of the meters, which is investigating the incident. Taxi meters in Sweden also acted up on Jan. 1, but passengers there hardly complained -- the meters continued to work, but they gave riders unexpectedly low fares. (JG)

Link: http://wire.nj.com/cgi-bin/nj_nview.pl?/home1/wire/AP/Stream
Parsed/FINANCIAL/f0013_AM_Singapore-MillenniumB

Link: http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,30004467,00.html?

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FEMA: "GET READY NOW FOR Y2K"
(Source: FEMA Press Release, 1/6/99)

A recent survey conducted by the FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (FEMA) of the state of Y2K readiness at the state and local levels reported that although Y2K fixes are well underway at the state-level, the emergency service systems of many counties and municipalities remain untested. Most states expressed some level of concern over the possibility of power failures, especially where power is provided by smaller utilities. Other areas of concern cited by the states include limited or lack of resources to assess, test and validate systems and fixes for Y2K problems. FEMA is urging the emergency management, fire and emergency services communities, and the public to get ready now for Y2K, warning that "while some failures will be minor annoyances, some may have more serious consequences." FEMA plans to conduct Y2K Consequence Management workshops around the country in February and March to identify critical issues, assess vulnerabilities, review contingency plans and consider policies and decisions that need to be taken to deal with possible Y2K consequences. (JG)

FEMA Y2K: www.fema.gov/y2k

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APPLE HAS Y2K PROBLEMS TOO
(Source: MACCENTRAL, 12/24/98)

Despite the fact that the hardware and system software in APPLE computers are not affected by the millennium bug, Apple still expects to spend $5.1 million over the next year to address Y2K risks within the company identified as "High" and "Medium. Third party programmers, who have developed software that does not use Apple's standard time-tracking routines, may also have problems (see "Y2K Resources" for more details). (JG/DS)

Link: http://www.maccentral.com/news/9812/24.sec.shtml

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SOCIAL SECURITY Y2K-OK...OR IS IT?
(Sources: Press Release, Office of the Press Secretary, 12/28/98; Erich Luening, CNET NEWS.COM, 12/29/98)

Senior citizens can rest easy, according to President Clinton and Vice President Gore who announced that the Social Security system is now 100 percent "Y2K-OK." To make absolutely certain, the system has been tested and validated by a panel of independent experts who verified that the system works and that Social Security and Supplemental Security Income checks will continue to flow uninterrupted in the Year 2000. The milestone represents a critical step in Y2K work on the Social Security system, which the FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE (FMS) will continue to test throughout 1999. FMS maintains systems that each year make 860 million payments with a dollar value of more than $1 trillion. But the day after the announcement, the commissioner of the Social Security Administration, Kenneth Apfel, acknowledged on the "News Hour" with Jim Lehrer, that there is still work to be done with the financial agencies it uses to get checks to elderly Americans. 75 percent of all social security checks are electronically transferred to bank accounts, but the banking community has yet to verify that their complete system is compliant end-to-end.

Link: http://chkpt.zdnet.com/chkpt/y2ke9812303/www.zdnet.com/pcweek/stories/ne
ws/0,4153,382028,00.html

Link: http://www.news.com/News/Item/0,4,30357,00.html?st.ne.fd.mdh

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AIRPORTS TRY TO HEAD OFF MILLENNIUM BUG SPECTER
(Sources: Suzanne Perry, REUTERS, 12/21/98 via SANGER'S REVIEW OF Y2K NEWS REPORTS; John Zarocostas, JOURNAL OF COMMERCE, 12/23/98 via THE YEAR 2000 INFORMATION CENTER)

Like many other industries, the air travel sector is scrambling to head off dire consequences from the looming millennium bug. The INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA), the global airline watchdog, has launched a $20 million project to ensure that all airports, air traffic system providers and key suppliers are aware of Y2K issues. After completing 34 of 70 airport site visits, IATA has found that the level of awareness of Y2K problems and the "robustness" of the programs to tackle them varied widely. In a recent date rollover test by British airport operator BAA PLC, luggage was accidentally directed down a "mis-sort" chute, airport access cards didn't work, and a control board failed to recognize fire alarm signals. "I don't expect the air travel industry to see major catastrophes," said Thomas Windmuller, Director of IATA's Project Year 2000. "Safety's not an issue, inconvenience is." International airlines are expected to spend $2.3 billion to ensure their systems meet the "millennium bug" challenge. (JG)

Link: http://www.joc.com/

Link: http://guide-p.infoseek.com/Content?arn=a1577LBY772reulb-19981220&col=NX

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MARITIME SHIPPING AT RISK
(Source: CNN, 12/12/98 via GARY NORTH'S Y2K LINKS AND FORUMS)

Reacting to the news that some shippers might stay at sea on January 1, 2000, rather than risk getting stuck in noncompliant ports hit by the computer bug, Y2K analyst Gary North had these comments: "There are no compliant ports. Ships cannot safely stay out of port after they run out of fuel. 95 percent of imported goods enter the U.S. via maritime shipping. [What happens] if shipping falls to zero? How about the economies of Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and Israel?" (JG)

Link: http://cnn.com/TECH/computing/9812/12/y2k.un/

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FROM THE EDITOR'S DESK:

1999: NOW WHAT?

Now that 1999 has arrived, what can we expect? For some, the arrival of 1999 is a rude wake-up call, as they realize that the Year 2000 is less than one year away. Programmer Jo Anne Slaven predicts that very early in 1999, we are likely to see the failure of computer programs which look a year ahead in calculating their results, if they are not already Y2K compliant. (An article on "The 'Jo Anne Effect" appears in the "Y2K Stories" section of this newsletter.) This could come as a big shock to banks and accounting firms which thought they had one more year to sort out their Y2K problems. Then there is the problem of the "9s," as some computers struggle to come to terms with the fact that they have been programmed to interpret "99" as something other than a date.

People who have just woken up to the potential Y2K threat may be dismayed when they scramble to order emergency supplies only to find that many suppliers are backordered for months. Even if ordered today, some items like diesel generators are in such demand that they may not be delivered in time for the new millennium.

The financial sector, particularly banks and the those who deal with the stock market, will no doubt be casting anxious glances at the calendar as the number of days until Dec. 31, 1999 dwindles. This is an immovable deadline. Work that is not completed goes undone and all affected must suffer the consequences. Banks and the stock market look particularly vulnerable at this time, especially to the "unknown" element. Will there be runs on banks as customers lose confidence in the system and demand their hard-earned wealth in cash? Will the stock market, which is totally computerized and prone to crashes, be brought to its knees by the millennium bug?

The 1998 Christmas travel season has come to an end. It may be the last of the fat years for travel agents. Will anyone be booking holidays in Third World countries next Christmas, or anywhere very far from a safe, secure base for that matter?

What changes and disruptions will the dawn of new millennium bring? Many fear the impending unknown. Look at the reaction of coastal cities when there is a hurricane threat. Y2K is a hurricane that could turn the entire world upside down all on the same day. People who have not already prepared themselves mentally and physically could experience a mounting panic as the date draws nearer.

At this milestone in the evolution of civilization, NHNE and similar organizations that make up the Y2K network, stand as a bulwark against a rising tide of panic and hysteria. This need not be a time of terror and suffering; it can be a time of wonder and adventure. The world has become dazzled by technology and we have lost touch with the earth beneath our feet and our neighbors living next door. Y2K offers us a turning point that could lead to a simpler, kinder and healthier time. Already like-minded people are gathering together in loosely-knit communities to face the next millennium with hope, courage and anticipation. Be not afraid. This is a marvelous time to be alive, as we stand poised on the threshold of a new heaven and a new earth and behold the millennium bug in the process of transforming into a glorious butterfly.

James Gregory
Editor-in-Chief

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LETTERS:

OUR HEARTFELT THANKS

"Wanted to express our heartfelt thanks for all the time, effort and research you continue to put into your reports. That first three-parter you sent out with all the Y2K links has been invaluable as an on-going resource. Have referred to it often. Through our "Building Community" newsletters, we have recommended yours on numerous occasions as presenting an unbiased, balanced view of Y2K. All too often, we neglect to thank people for their work that keeps the rest of us informed. For all that you do, thank you all!"

--- Holly and Stan Deyo, Miners Rest, AUSTRALIA

[The Deyo's emergency preparedness website is:
http://www.millennium-ark.net/News_Files/Hollys.html JG]

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Y2K: CRISIS OR BLESSING?

"Thank you so much for your weekly report and website. In my experience, both are truly the 'best of the best of Y2K.'

"I am convinced that the Year 2000 computer problem will be an enormous gift and a blessing to our world as a whole. While it is true that things could initially be VERY difficult, let us remember that 'business-as-usual' is rapidly destroying our children's chances of inheriting a clean, beautiful, and humane world. Reflecting on the state of the world, an 80-year old farmer once told me, 'If we don't turn around, we'll soon arrive where we're headed.' I believe that Y2K is a gift: a turn-around point, and just in the nick of time.

"As the Year 2000 approaches, here are some things I think we can expect to see:

- More community-building than we've seen since World War II.

- Churches, synagogues and schools becoming life centers in their communities.

- People taking greater responsibility for their lives.

- A questioning of our dependence on technology and our alienation from each other.

- A spiritual revival as people try to find meaning in an uncertain and potentially-chaotic future.

- Nations, citizens and neighbors learning to cooperate and work with each other as never before.

"No matter how mild or severe the collective impact of the Year 2000 turns out to be (I personally expect it to be fairly serious), I believe that future generations will look back at this time and exclaim, 'Thank God for Y2K!'"

--- Michael Dowd, Portland, Oregon

[Michael Dowd, author and Y2K community activist, is co-founder, with Llyn Peabody, of THE PORTLAND-METRO CITIZEN Y2K TASK FORCE. He is also the campaign manager of the PORTLAND SUSTAINABLE LIFESTYLE CAMPAIGN: a city-funded program that empowers neighbors to support one another in living more Earth-friendly, environmentally responsible lifestyles. He can be emailed at: "MBDowd@bigplanet.com".]

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Y2K STORIES:

U.S. FIRMS THROW IN THE TOWEL
(Source: Andrew Hay, REUTERS, 1/4/99, thanks to Jon Roland)

The new millennium is still a year away but many U.S. companies are already admitting they won't be ready. Companies such as CHEVRON and AT&T say their systems may be vulnerable to significant failures as they grapple with the Year 2000 date change. Chevron has said it cannot fix all its systems by Dec. 31, 1999, and Year 2000 business interruptions could prevent it from making and delivering refined products and producing oil and gas. AT&T has acknowledged the potential for failure across its systems and has cranked up Year 2000 spending by more than 50 percent. And while McDONALD'S and DUPONT say they are more confident they can handle the date change, they are less sure about their suppliers and local governments. Analysts say companies are beginning to make such frank statements on Y2K risks to cover themselves against possible securities litigation and provide ammunition for their own suits.

As companies realize that they and their partners may not achieve full compliance, they are planning back-up systems and looking for alternate vendors. COCA-COLA, for example, has contingency plans for the failure of power, water and phone systems that include stockpiling raw and packaged materials, increasing inventory levels and securing alternate supply sources.

The technologically-complex telecoms sector ranks dead last in progress toward completion of Y2K projects. Also behind are the utilities industry and the energy sector. While disclosing such problems may protect them from lawsuits, it won't keep the business running if the computers operated by the companies and their vendors don't work. (JG)

Link: http://cnnfn.com/digitaljam/wires/9901/04/y2k_wg/

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USA TODAY COMMENTARY ON Y2K POLL DECEPTIVE
(Sources: M.J. Zuckerman, USA TODAY, 12/31/98; Y2KNEWSWIRE, 1/3/98)

In a recent article discussing the findings of a poll canvassing Y2K concerns, USA TODAY chose the title, "Y2K Bug Fears Subsiding," and pointed out that only 35 percent of those questioned now expect "major problems," compared to 48 percent last June. The folks at Y2KNEWSWIRE examined the numbers more carefully, and came up with some startlingly different conclusions.

For example, while the USA Today headline mentioned only one statistic, there are many others that paint a different picture, such as:

- 16 percent of the general public are now "very concerned" about the Y2K problem, compared to only 7 percent a few months ago.

- More than two out of three people think the Y2K problems will last at least several weeks.

- 25 percent think Y2K will seriously affect the U.S. economy in a negative way.

- 26 percent plan to stockpile food and water.

But the most remarkable finding was the fact that 16 percent of those polled plan to withdraw ALL their money from banks and 31 percent plan to withdraw "a large amount of cash." U.S. banks currently owe depositors approximately $3.7 trillion, so 16 percent of 3.7 trillion would be in the order of $590 billion, with mass withdrawls of "a large amount of cash" adding another $200 billion or so to the total. Y2KNewswire points out that U.S. banks only have $44 billion cash on hand, with the comment that had USA Today considered the obvious ramifications of the poll results, the headline should have been: "Y2K To Collapse Banks." Y2KNEWSWIRE predicts the FEDERAL RESERVE will not allow this to happen, and in the next 12 months cash will somehow be restricted, rationed, or made illegal. (JG)

Link: http://www.y2knewswire.com

Link: http://www.usatoday.com/news/ndswed10.htm

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RAILROADS IN TROUBLE
(Sources: M.J. Zuckerman, USA TODAY, 12/31/98; Y2KNEWSWIRE, 1/3/98)

In a recent article in USA TODAY, Y2K federal chairman John Koskinen was quoted as saying, "We are deeply concerned about the railroads. We have no indication that they are going to make it." That's a sobering quote coming from John Koskinen, who is best known for claiming that the federal government will have little or no Y2K-related problems. Y2KNEWSWIRE applauds Koskinen's courage at a time when most people are trying to put a positive spin on Y2K saying such things as, "We have no indication that 'x' might fail, therefore you should trust that it will work."

The USA Today article goes on to say, "If railroads are forced to slow down so automated functions can be carried out manually and to provide a greater margin of safety, then a broad cross section of the economy, from heavy industry to fresh foods, could be affected."

USA Today's comment assumes the trains can be run manually. "This is another common Y2K myth," says Y2KNEWSWIRE, which claims there is plenty of evidence and expert testimony from railroad veterans that the trains cannot be run manually. The problem lies in the track switches -- manual switches have long been replaced by computers. The only way to switch the tracks manually now is to take a crowbar to them -- a dangerous procedure that could result in derailments. Then there's the communications issue: how do you tell the people with the crowbars when to switch each section of track?

According to Y2KNewswire, the bottom line is this: If the railroads don't operate, power is in serious trouble, industry is in serious trouble, and the economic health of the nation is threatened. (JG)

Link: http://www.usatoday.com/news/ndswed10.htm

Link: http://www.y2knewswire.com

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POTENTIAL POWER FAILURES THREATEN CHEMICAL PLANTS
(Source: Declan McCullagh, WIRED NEWS, 12/21/98)

In response to a request from the Senate Y2K committee to investigate the safety of chemical manufacturing in the U.S., the CHEMICAL SAFETY AND HAZARD INVESTIGATION BOARD has determined that while it's extremely unlikely Year 2000 computer snafus with plant equipment themselves would cause the release of deadly chemical poisons, electric power failures could lead to unpredictable results.

"Almost everyone's contingency plans...have backup power generators as a key component," said Norman Dean, the Director of the CENTER FOR Y2K AND SOCIETY. One problem is that shipments of popular diesel generators are backordered six months to two years. Another problem is that the power output of even the beefiest generator isn't enough to slake the appetite of a large chemical manufacturing plant. "If you're going to try to buy enough portable electric generators to run a chlorine plant, you're not going to make it," said Adrian Sepeda, Director of the risk management group at OXYCHEM.

"Who is actually going to do an independent audit?" asks Erik Olson, an attorney at the NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL. He says a worst-case scenario -- in which power fails -- could release noxious chemicals and "cause enormous damage." Chemical plant safety systems are designed to handle one or two isolated failures, but not dozens at the same time. For example, "in order for Bhopal to occur, 13 things went wrong, not one," said Angela Summers, a consultant at TRICONEX CORPORATION. The 1984 chemical leak from the UNION CARBIDE pesticide plant killed thousands of people living nearby. "Our greatest exposure is unquestionably in utility failures," agreed Jordan Corn, an engineer at ROHM AND HAAS. The giant Philadelphia-based chemical manufacturer plans to shut down its plants in December 1999 to avoid Y2K glitches. (JG)

http://www.wired.com/news/news/politics/story/16946.html

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THE "JO ANNE EFFECT"
(Sources: Cory Hamasaki, Y2K Weather Report, 8/26/98; Stephen Barr, WASHINGTON POST, 12/23/98)

Thirteen states and the District of Columbia have to put electronic bandages on their computers so they can continue to pay new unemployment insurance claims in January. The federal-state unemployment program provides one of the first large-scale examples of the "Jo Anne Effect," so named after Jo Anne Slaven, the programmer who discovered that computer programs which look a year ahead in calculating their results, will fail in January 1999 if they are not Y2K compliant.

Many of the computer systems in the unemployment insurance program, which processes claims, makes payments to the jobless and collects taxes from employers, are more than 30 years old. Persons filing claims for jobless benefits are assigned a "benefit year," which means that as of Jan. 4, 1999, unemployment insurance systems had to be able to process dates and calculations that extend into the Year 2000.

Some states that have not solved their Y2K problems plan to use a simple temporary fix, such as ending the benefit year on Dec. 31, 1999, while other states will use different techniques that essentially trick the computers so they will perform accurate date calculations. States which are still not ready to operate on Jan. 1, 2000, will be forced to rely on emergency backup plans, such as writing benefit checks by hand.

Deputy Labor Secretary Kathryn Higgins stresses that the nation's unemployment insurance system will not suffer serious disruptions: "A year out, we know where our problems are....It's an enormous help to have that information." The overall repair bill for the unemployment insurance systems alone could run to $490 million. John A. Koskinen, the President's adviser on Y2K issues, points to the contingency planning for jobless benefits as a clear sign that the government will be able to maintain important services and programs, even if computer systems encounter Y2K problems.

The following companies are a few of the many whose fiscal years end on January 31, 1999: WAL-MART, KMART, J.C. PENNY, HOME DEPOT, FEDERATED DEPARTMENT STORES, DELL COMPUTER, TOYS "R" US, LOWE'S, THE GAP, CONSOLIDATED STORES, SAKS, BJ'S WHOLESALE CLUB, KOHL'S, BARNES & NOBLE. For these companies, the Year 2000 starts on February 1, 1999. (JG)

Link: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/1998-12/23/051l-122398-idx.html

Link: Link: http://www.kiyoinc.com/WRP104.HTM

Link: http://www.sonnet.co.uk/muse/DCW-91.TXT

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THE MORAL DIMENSION OF Y2K
(Source: Edward Yourdon, COMPUTERWORLD, 12/14/98 via SANGER'S REVIEW OF Y2K NEWS REPORTS)

Despite the upbeat things that many organizations are saying about their preparedness, a number of IT managers have admitted privately to Y2K analyst Ed Yourdon that they won't finish in time. He has written an excellent commentary on the difficult ethical decisions that many will face next year regarding doomed Year 2000 projects and Year 2000-remediated systems being rushed into production before testing is finished. "If year 2000 turns out to have life-and-death consequences, then many of us will face the most difficult moral and ethical decisions we've ever made," says Yourdon. "We'll be hearing lots of advice from our managers, political leaders, friends and families about what we should and shouldn't do."

Yourdon advises programmers to read the codes of ethics compiled by the two most prestigious computing societies in the U.S.: the ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM), and the INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS. Here are 10 of the 24 "moral imperatives" from the ACM code:

1. Contribute to society and human well-being.

2. Avoid harm to others.

3. Be honest and trustworthy.

4. Strive to achieve the highest quality, effectiveness and dignity in both the process and products of professional work.

5. Know and respect existing laws pertaining to professional work.

6. Improve public understanding of computing and its consequences.

7. Articulate social responsibilities of members of an organizational unit and encourage full acceptance of those responsibilities.

8. Articulate and support policies that protect the dignity of users and others affected by a computing system.

9. Manage personnel and resources to design and build information systems that enhance the quality of working life.

10. Give comprehensive and thorough evaluations of computer systems and their impacts, including analysis of possible risks.

"All of us consider ourselves moral and ethical people -- it's simply a matter of which ethics we choose to embrace," says Yourdon, in closing. "I urge you to think about this now, because if delays and problems occur with your Year 2000 project, the pressure to compromise your principles may increase as we move into 1999." (JG)

Link: http://www.computerworld.com/home/print.nsf/all/98121482A6

Association for Computing Machinery code of ethics: www.acm.org/constitution/code.html

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers code of ethics: www.computer.org/tab/seprof/code.htm

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Y2K FROM A RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVE
(Sources: Robert Waldrop, 12/20/98; Judy Tarjanyi, TOLEDO BLADE, 12/24/98; PROJECT JOSEPH website)

Shaunti Feldhahn has a master's degree in Public Policy from HARVARD UNIVERSITY and experience as a financial analyst with the FEDERAL RESERVE BANK of New York. She first considered the Y2K problem as just another risk to be analyzed. Over time, she came to realize that it was one of the biggest risks she had seen, but was unclear of her role. A friend asked, "Why isn't the church talking about this?" and cited the story in the book of Genesis in which Joseph foresees a famine and helps Egypt prepare by stockpiling food. "From that day on," Feldhahn said, "I looked at everything I saw through completely different eyes. I saw Y2K as a need for service."

Feldhahn realized that in order to effectively get the word out and be taken seriously, she needed to write a book, which was absurd since she had never had anything published. She decided to start organizing a book anyway and happened to mention her book idea in a meeting at a Christian financial planning firm. The firm just happened to have an executive on staff who had previously worked in Christian publishing who had just spoken with a contact at a Christian publishing house who was looking for someone to write a book on the Y2K problem. Within three weeks, Feldhahn had a contract, and within 50 days she had finished the manuscript for "Y2K: the Millennium Bug -- A Balanced Christian Response." The book has just been published by MULTNOMAH.

But a book wasn't her only goal. She also was concerned about a way to help communities get ready for the effects of Y2K. In the same serendipitous way she had landed the book publishing contact, she was linked to a Medford, Oregon couple who had organized a community awareness event to help people prepare for Y2K disruptions. After spending one day with them, she knew "this was something I was not just supposed to write about, but actually do." She went on to found THE JOSEPH PROJECT 2000, a nationwide effort to help churches, nonprofit organizations, and families respond to Y2K-induced problems.

In addition to serving as President of the Joseph Project, Feldhahn edits a monthly newsletter, "Countdown Y2K," and speaks to groups around the country. When Feldhahn speaks to a group, she sticks to the practical -- telling people how to mobilize their churches to help others. "We need to be service, not survival oriented," she said. Communities rely heavily on churches in times of crisis, but, they need to prepare. Churches can get ready, she says, by building financial reserves so that they can function in a crisis; by joining with other community organizations to build a helping network; and by offering their facilities as a safe haven to people in need. Feldhahn says volunteers also can investigate the level of Y2K readiness in their communities by contacting utilities and other entities that supply electricity, water, and other services.

With Pastor Ernie Fitzpatrick of LIBERTY REVIVAL CHURCH in Houston, the JOSEPH PROJECT 2000 has developed and adapted the following 10-Step Y2K Ministry Leadership and Action Plan for Christian leaders:

1. Prepare yourself
2. Begin a formal prayer team
3. Get the support of your elders
4. Educate and involve your staff
5. Get the support of the lay leadership
6. Begin a Y2K task force
7. Reach out to other churches and ministries
8. Raise Y2K awareness of the church body
9. Reach out to the community
10. Have weekly briefings (JG)

Link: http://www.justpeace.org/better.htm

Joseph Project website: http://www.josephproject2000.org/

Link: http://detnews.com/1998/technology/9812/24/12240166.htm

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GRASS ROOTS APPROACH TO Y2K GAINING MOMENTUM
(Source: YEAR 2000 OUTLOOK, 12/11/98, thanks to Tom Atlee)

In December, the CENTER FOR YEAR 2000 COMMUNITY ACTION PLANS traveled to Washington, D.C. to open a dialog with government officials and establish a collective approach to helping communities through the Year 2000 transition. Y2K analyst William Ulrich, who attended the meeting, said the group's coalition approach would seek to create community planning documents that could be useful in communities across the country and that roundtable attendees "generally agreed that what we're doing is a valuable thing."

With approximately 150 Y2K community action groups in existence around the country, "community groups are becoming energized," Ulrich maintains, and they can be used to help "fill in the blanks" of an official response. Ulrich points out that emergency management groups are used to working on one isolated disaster at a time, not "thinking about the 87,000 towns and cities around the U.S. [which] may experience the odd combination of Y2K problems." One difference between Y2K and isolated, physical disasters revolves around the twin issues of electric power and telecommunications -- emergency management systems rely on both to function.

Ulrich envisions a two-pronged approach to community organizing. During the first phase, groups attempt to assess the probability of problems in infrastructure services. If services have a high probability of disruption, such groups would then prepare community plans to deal with such contingencies. Ulrich urges people to start the planning process now. "The worst time to meet your neighbor is during an emergency." (JG)

Link: https://www.itaa.org/

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A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE Y2K COMMUNITY MOVEMENT
(Source: Paloma O'Riley, personal correspondence, 12/14/98)

The following edited excerpts are taken from a letter by Paloma O'Riley, founder of the CASSANDRA PROJECT, to Y2K analyst Bill Ulrich:

"The Cassandra Project has been working with grassroots neighborhood and community groups around the country for quite some time. The first community-preparedness group formed about February of 1998. Since that time, at least 200 groups have formed, several joint activities between community prep groups and municipal orgs have begun, and neighborhood activity is steadily rising. On average, we get about 2-3 requests a day to be added to the Community Preparedness listing page of our site, and receive numerous requests for 'how-to' information on individual preparedness and neighborhood organizing. In light of this, it's fair to say that the grassroots movement is off the ground and has been for some time."

"The need for local action grew out of the perception that neither government nor business was taking Y2K seriously enough; also, that it was unlikely that all Y2K problems would be located and fixed in time. What was also apparent was that there was no agency nor organization in existence set-up to handle anything but a localized emergency. Conversations at that time with both FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ADMINISTRATION and the RED CROSS were extremely frustrating and fruitless. But, what disturbed people the most was that the administration was not taking steps to inform the public as to what some of the challenges may be. Given past (historical) reluctance to inform the public for fear of 'panic', many people did and do not believe that they would be told; or if told, not given the information fully nor far enough in advance. This perception fueled a desire to be self-reliant in the event [that] worst-case scenarios occurred. This is still at the root of groups forming today."

"One promising activity has started recently. Multiple agency coordination system (MACS) is a municipal organization functioning at both the city and county level [with} the purpose to plan and coordinate activity and functions in the event of an emergency. Here in Boulder, MACS is now working hand-in-hand with citizens to develop a Year 2000 crisis response plan. The local people involved know and accept that current emergency services would be unable to handle worst-case Y2K problems on their own. The community preparedness group's goal is to assist these agencies during the crisis, and to work with them to develop appropriate neighborhood plans and response. This is a wonderful step forward, one we look forward to seeing duplicated around the country."

"Another good sign, the Colorado state government now acknowledges that community preparedness is appropriate, and applauds the efforts of the many preparedness groups in the state. We hope they will make this support public soon, thereby encouraging more groups to form, and setting a precedent that the other states will follow."

"There is a tremendous amount of work to be done, more than we'll all be able to do. Unfortunately, in spite of all this effort, attention and resources seem to focus on the same aspects again and again, excluding other aspects of the Y2K problem as important. We'd like to see, not an national organization, but a neutral way/place that all of us working on Y2K can keep each other up-to-date on our activities, needs, ideas, etc., and help identify areas that require attention. In this way we can then help each other, and most effectively serve the public need." (JG)

Link: http://cassandraproject.org/

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Y2K RESOURCES:

CHEAPER Y2K SOFTWARE FIX FOR PCS
(Source: Gunars Strauts, MILLENNIUM SOLUTIONS website, 12/28/98)

In Y2K Report 8, we reported on a hardware Y2K fix for PCs that retailed for $105. MILLENNIUM SOLUTIONS markets a software Y2K solution called "Correx 2000" that retails at $29.95. Correx 2000 operates from a boot disk, installs in under four minutes, and works on all DOS or Windows-based computers. The program's first function is to check the ability of the computer's BIOS and RTC (real time clock) to roll over and reboot in the Year 2000, plus whether it can handle the 2000 leap year. If necessary, the program will automatically install the fix which identifies any erroneous dates the BIOS produces and then prompts the user to enter a once-only correction date. The PC is now compliant. Correx 2000 has been available in Europe since 1996, making it the longest-running software fix on the market, and even without being heavily promoted in North America, it is the world's leading BIOS fix. Correx 2000 is the only fix to receive a 100 percent rating from the SOLACE CORPORATION, the world's only independent Y2K accreditation firm. The product carries a full money-back guarantee. (JG)

MILLENNIUM SOLUTIONS website: www.y2kmillennium.com

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MACINTOSH Y2K SOFTWARE AUDIT
(Source: Y2K SOFTWARE AUDIT website)

Here is a diagnostic tool for testing the system's Year 2000 readiness of your Mac: "Y2K Software Audit" compares your files to an internal database of applications and file types, including applications, control panels, extensions, libraries, and drivers, providing a graphical progress report as it scans and a text report upon completion. It can check any mounted volumes, making it easy to clear file depositories stored on removable media. While Y2K Software Audit can't positively identify every vulnerable file on your system, it can help you set aside those files known to be safe and flag those with potential Year 2000 problems. The file size is 620K; the cost of the shareware license is $38; and the minimum requirement is a 68040 processor. The developers are continually adding to the program's extensive database, so be sure to check in regularly for the latest version. Until registered, this program will process only 1,000 files at a time. (JG)

Link: http://www.download.com/DD/dl/0%2C302%2C0-1229-2-007%2C00.html

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BACKWOODS HOME MAGAZINE
(Source: BACKWOODS HOME MAGAZINE website via GARY NORTH'S Y2K LINKS AND FORUMS)

Want a more self-sufficient lifestyle for yourself and your family? BACKWOODS HOME MAGAZINE (BHM) can help you achieve it. Every issue is packed with solid, practical, hands-on information on a wide range of self-reliance topics. You'll find articles on country living, building a homestead, tools, gardening, livestock, alternative energy, recipes, making a living, self sufficiency, preparedness, homeschooling, crafts, nature, how to do it yourself, achieving independence, and much more. The most important thing to know is the articles in BHM are written by the people who are out there doing it. Often, they have spent many years learning and perfecting what they write about. For example, check out the excellent article by Jackie Clay entitled "With Commonsense Planning, You Can Survive Hard Times" (http://backwoodshome.com/articles/clay55.html). You can order a
sample issue for $4.00; a one year subscription (6 issues) costs $19.95. (JG)

Link: http://backwoodshome.com/index.html

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NATIONAL REGISTRY OF Y2K ACTIVISTS & PROJECTS LAUNCHED
(Source: Halim Dunsky, Y2K Community Project, 12/29/98)

The Y2K COMMUNITY PROJECT has launched the "Y2K Activist Connections", a national registry of Y2K activists and projects at the state, national, and international levels. The registry has several goals: to help individuals and groups become more aware of each other's specific efforts, priorities, and needs; to promote collaboration on projects; to help reduce unnecessary duplication of effort; and to speed up the good results of the work. Individuals and organizations are urged to visit the website and register, and then refer back to the page on a regular basis to stay up to date on current projects and opportunities to collaborate. (JG)

Y2k Community Project Website: http://www.y2kcommunity.org/teamwork/

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THE LIGHTER SIDE Of Y2K:

WINDOWS 2000

REDMOND, WA (UPI) -- Microsoft announced today that the official release date for the new operating system "Windows 2000" will be delayed until the second quarter of 1901.

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Copyright 1998 by NewHeavenNewEarth

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